This saturday (Dec.18th) on Panafrica, we kicked off the holiday season with calypso to soca musical and cultural journey across the Island of Trinidad & Tobago. The archipelagic state lies northeast of Venezuela and south of Grenada, sharing maritime boundaries with Barbados and Guyana. The modern music history of Trinidad &Tobago reflects the diverse African ethnic groups that constitute the current culture, with European, Asian (Indian & Chinese), America, as well as middle eastern layers of influences. From the diverse African heritage emerged a dominant Creole and Canboulay musical culture, that gave birth to Calypso from west african kaiso. Canboulay, characterized by stick fighting and percussion had arise as a parallel celebration to French carnival.
Banned in 1880 in response to Canboulay riots, the stick fighting & percussion of Canboulay gradually morphed into the steel pans that are now a major part of the island's music. First recordings of Calypso dates back to 1912 by Lovey's String band but artists who popularized the genre include Lord kitchener, Attila the Hun, Lord Invader, Mighty Sparrow, Black Stalin, and Mighty Spoiler.
Calypso then metamorphosed to soca with popular recordings from Lord Shorty (Indrani), infusing African and Indian chutney beats from the Uttar Pradesh region of India. Soca has evolved into blend of musical styles including rapso (rap+soca), Raggasoca (jamaican dancehall +soca), Chutney soca (soca with more chutney), Parang soca (spanish twist), Steelband soca, Rockso (American rock +soca), Bouyon soca (dominican soca), and Groovy soca (more R&B'ish melodic form).
National & International High Definition Listening (http://www.wort-fm.org/listen.php) or Browse past shows in our Archives for a week at http://archive.wort-fm.org/. Stay tune every Saturdays 2-4 pm Central Time
Linda Vakunta (Dj Linda) & Alhaji N'jai
PanAfrica Show (Saturdays 2-4 pm CST)
WORT 89.9 FM Madison